Interim Measures for the Administration of Natural Science Fund Projectsand Relevant Funds
Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1 These Measures are formulated to regulate the management of natural science fund projects and relevant funds in Hainan Province, improve basic researches, discover and cultivate scientific and technological talents, enhance the independent innovation capability of Hainan, and promote scientific and technological progress and economic and social development, in accordance with the Regulation on the National Natural Science Funds, the Notice of the People's Government of Hainan Province Concerning the Issuance of Several Measures to Optimize the Management of Scientific Research and Enhance the Performance of Scientific Research in Hainan Province (Qiong Fu No.  22), the Three-Year Action Plan for Winning the Science and Technology Innovation Battle by Extraordinary Means in Hainan Province (2021-2023) (Qiong Fu Ban  No. 24) and other relevant regulations, in combination with the realities in Hainan.
Article 2 The natural science fund projects of Hainan Province shall include the natural science fund projects of Hainan Province (hereinafter referred to as the “Natural Science Fund Projects”) and soft science projects for which other administrative measures shall be formulated. The Natural Science Fund Projects shall be open to the whole province and mainly support basic and applied basic researches related to natural science. Specifically, they include general projects, youth fund projects, high-level talent projects, innovation team projects and enterprise talent projects. The Department of Science and Technology of Hainan Province (hereinafter referred to as the “Department of Science and Technology”) is the competent authority of the Natural Science Fund Projects and shall be responsible for the management of such projects. The Department of Science and Technology may adjust the type of projects as needed.
(I) The general projects mainly support scientific and technical personnel to freely select topics within the scope of Natural Science Fund Projects and carry out innovative scientific researches to promote balanced, coordinated and sustainable development of different disciplines.
(II) Youth fund projects mainly support young scientists to freely choose topics within the scope of Natural Science Fund Projects, to cultivate the ability of young scientists to independently organize scientific research projects and conduct innovative researches.
(III) The high-level talent projects support high-level talents who have been identified by the Talent Development Bureau of the CPC Hainan Provincial Committee or its authorized departments to carry out scientific and innovative activities in the field of natural sciences, and promote them to play to their talents and to make greater contributions to the social and economic development of Hainan.
(IV) Innovation team projects, with the main objective of cultivating scientific and technological talents, support research teams with outstanding scientific and technological personnel as academic leaders and backbones, and carry out innovative scientific researches along the important research direction determined by the science and technology development plans of Hainan and China.
(V) Enterprise talent projects mainly support science and technology personnel in enterprises to freely select topics within the scope of Natural Science Fund Projects, cultivate industrial science and technology talents, support the development of key industries, and further stimulate the technology innovation vitality of enterprises in Hainan.
Article 3 The administration of the Natural Science Fund Projects shall adhere to the working guidelines of respecting science, promoting democracy, advocating competition, promoting cooperation, stimulating innovation and leading the future.
Article 4 The Natural Science Fund Projects shall be mainly financed by the fiscal budget of Hainan, and citizens (natural persons), legal persons and other organizations are encouraged to donate or jointly finance such projects.
Chapter II Supporting Institution and Project Principal
Article 5 The Supporting Institution is the legal entity responsible for the management of the Natural Science Fund Projects and relevant funds, which may be an institution, public welfare institution, state-owned enterprise, industrial enterprise above the designated size and high-tech enterprise with independent legal personality registered in the administrative region of Hainan Province or with the headquarter located in Hainan, which have been registered with the Department of Science and Technology as the Supporting Institution. Any subordinate of the Supporting Institution (e.g. a second-level college of a university, etc.) shall not be allowed to apply for registration as the Supporting Institution independently.
Article 6 The Supporting Institution shall perform the following duties:
(I) Organize the applications related to Natural Science Fund Projects.
(II) Review the authenticity and completeness of the materials submitted by the Project Principal.
(III) Implement the self-financing and other supporting conditions promised for the project, guarantee the time for the Project Principal and participants to implement the Natural Science Fund Projects, and ensure that the financial funds are earmarked for exclusive use, and provide fiscal subsidies for enterprises undertaking Natural Science Fund Projects at a ratio of no less than 1:2.
(IV) Ensure the proper implementation of Natural Science Fund Projects and to supervise the use of funds for Natural Science Fund Projects.
(V) Cooperate with the Department of Science and Technology in the supervision, inspection and acceptance of Natural Science Fund Projects.
(VI) Timely report to the Department of Science and Technology on major matters such as changes in the principal of Natural Science Fund Projects and the change or termination of the Supporting Institution, and provide timely feedbacks and advices or suggestions to the Department of Science and Technology on new situations or new problems encountered in the implementation of Natural Science Fund Projects.
(VII) Establish a sound system and specific methods for the management of Natural Science Fund Projects in a way of "unified leadership, graded management and specific accountability", and improve internal control, supervision and constraint mechanisms.
Article 7 The Project Principal shall be directly responsible for the implementation of the Natural Science Fund Projects and the use of relevant funds, and shall be responsible for the authenticity of the materials submitted for the Natural Science Fund Projects and the compliance and reasonableness of the use of relevant funds.
Article 8 The Project Principal of general projects shall meet the following basic requirements:
(I) He or She shall be an active employee of the Supporting Institution and be under 55 years of age on January 1 of the year of application.
(II) He or She shall have a senior professional or technical position (title) or have a doctorate; those with a title below the intermediate level (including intermediate level) shall be recommended by two scientific and technical personnel with a senior professional or technical position (title) in the same field.
(III) He or She shall have a good credit record and scientific ethics, the ability to conduct basic scientific research, and be familiar with domestic and international technological developments and trends in this field.
(IV) He or She shall have sufficient time and energy to engage in the research of the Natural Science Fund Projects, and have the organizational management and coordination ability required to complete the Natural Science Fund Projects, among which he or she shall be formally employed by the Supporting Institution and work in the Supporting Institution for at least six months per year.
(V) He or She shall undertake at most one provincial science and technology projects, and participate in 2 or less Natural Science Fund Projects.
(VI) Those who have undertaken the provincial natural science funds for 2 or more times but have not been able to lead any Natural Science Fund Projects (including topics), shall not apply for to be the Project Principal of the Natural Science Fund Projects, but may participate in the project research as a member of the project team.
(VII) If the Project Principal and the project participants are not from the same employer, the employer of the participants shall be regarded as a collaborative research unit. At most 3 collaborative research units and 10 project members (including the Project Principal) may be allowed.
(VIII) Those who have undertaken more than 2 (inclusive) science and technology projects in Hainan Province, shall not apply to be the Project Principal before those projects are accepted. Those who are disqualified to participate in any provincial-funded science and technology projects, shall not apply to be the Project Principal of the Natural Science Fund Projects.
Article 9 The Project Principal of the youth fund projects shall comply with the provisions of Article 8, and are required to be: under 35 years of age (for males) or 40 years of age (for females) on January 1 of the year of application.
Article 10 The Project Principal of the high-level talent projects shall comply with the provisions of Article 8 and are required that: the Project Principal shall obtain a high-level talent certificate recognized by the Talent Development Bureau of the CPC Hainan Provincial Committee or its authorized departments.
Article 11 The Project Principal of the innovation team projects shall meet the provisions of Article 8 and the following requirements:
(I) The Project Principal shall have the experience in leading any national natural science fund project.
(II) There shall be at least 3 core members in the team, and the core members shall have senior professional and technical positions (titles) or doctoral degrees, and have presided over special projects in science and technology at the provincial level or above in the past five years, and the total number of team members (including the Project Principal) shall not exceed 10.
(III) Those who are core members for any initiated innovation team projects in Hainan shall not apply to be the applicants of any new innovation team projects before the acceptance of the initiated projects.
Article 12 The Project Principal of the enterprise talent projects shall comply with the provisions of Article 8, and are required that: the Project Principal shall be an active employee of the enterprise.
Article 13 The Project Principal shall perform the following duties:
(I) Organize the filling of applications for Natural Science Fund Projects.
(II) Prepare the final accounts of the Natural Science Fund Projects in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
(III) Conduct researches and use funds in accordance with the application documents of the Natural Science Fund Projects and the relevant management system, and consciously accept the supervision and inspection of the Department of Science and Technology and the scientific research management departments of the enterprises.
(IV) Keep original records and archives of the implementation of Natural Science Fund Projects and submit science and technology reports on time.
(V) Submit inspection materials on time and ensure the authenticity and completeness of the such materials.
(VI) Timely report to the Supporting Institution on any changes in member, cooperation units, budgets and other items during the implementation of Natural Science Fund Projects.
Chapter III Application and Initiation
Article 14 The Department of Science and Technology shall be responsible for organizing the formulation and publication of the annual application guidelines for Natural Science Fund Projects, specify the selection method, support scope, implementation period and funding amount of Natural Science Fund Projects, and determining the validity, channel, manner and limit of applications. The application validity shall not be less than 30 days generally.
Article 15 The Department of Science and Technology shall determine the annual limits according to the acceptance and implementation of the Natural Science Fund Projects and other conditions of the Supporting Institution, keep strictly the rule of rewards and penalties, and implement a dynamic management.
Article 16 Depending on the prescribed period and limit indicators, the Supporting Institution shall submit applications for the Natural Science Fund Projects to the Department of Science and Technology in accordance with the requirements of the application guidelines. The Project Principal or participants shall indicate any of the following circumstances when making an application:
(I) The units applying or participating in applications for provincial projects in the current year are inconsistent.
(II) The units applying or participating in applications are inconsistent with those units of other provincial projects that are being implemented.
Article 17 The Natural Science Fund Projects shall be initiated in the principles of openness, fairness and impartiality, and adopts a funding mechanism of fair competition, peer review and preferential support. The initiation process of the Natural Science Fund Projects includes:
(I) Acceptance. The Supporting Institution will be selected within the financial limits as required by the notice on the application of the year, and the letter of recommendation of the Supporting Institution shall be uploaded in the application system. The applications shall be accepted if the materials are complete.
(II) Formal review. The Department of Science and Technology shall organize or entrust professional institutions for assessment of science and technology projects to conduct formal review of accepted Natural Science Fund Projects, and the review results will be disclosed on the home page of the Department of Science and Technology for 5 working days. The projects shall be deemed as fail the formal review in any one of the following circumstances:
1. The Project Principal does not meet the conditions set out in these Measures.
2. The application materials do not meet the requirements of the annual guidelines and the notice concerning the application for Natural Science Fund Projects.
3. The Project Principal is within the penalty period for dishonest acts in scientific researches.
4. The Supporting Institution is within the penalty period for dishonest acts in scientific researches.
Any organization or individual having objections to the results of the formal review may, during the public disclosure period, submit written comments and relevant materials stamped with the official seal of the organization or signed with the real name and contact information of the individual, to the institution conducting the formal review. The institution conducting the formal review shall handle the objections in accordance with the relevant regulations, and provide feedbacks on the results to the organization or individual that raised the objection.
(III) Expert review. The Department of Science and Technology shall entrust professional organizations for the assessment of science and technology project to hire experts to assess the Natural Science Fund Projects that have passed the formal review via correspondence or conference evaluation and to give assessment opinions.
For basic research projects, the assessment shall focus on the originality and scientific value of new discoveries, principles, methods and laws; for applied basic research projects, the assessment shall focus on the effectiveness and application value of solving key scientific problems in economic and social development.
(IV) Administrative decision-making. The Department of Science and Technology shall conduct a comprehensive balance based on the total annual budget fund, expert review opinions, annual key science and technology tasks and the number of projects undertaken by the Supporting Institution, and determine the projects to be initiated after discussion at the meetings of the Council and the Party Committee of the Department of Science and Technology.
(V) Public disclosure. The Department of Science and Technology shall disclose the proposed projects on the home page of the Department for 5 working days. If there is no objection raised in the public disclosure period, the Supporting Institution and the Project Principal will be deemed as have agreed on the initiation of the projects.
Any organization or individual having objections to the contents of the public disclosure may, during the public disclosure period, submit written comments and relevant materials stamped with the official seal of the organization or signed with the real name and contact information of the individual, to the relevant office under the Department of Science and Technology. The head of the office under the Department of Science and Technology shall handle the objections in accordance with the relevant regulations, and provide feedbacks on the results to the organization or individual that raised the objection. Any objection to the academic judgment of the review expert shall not be deemed as grounds for filing an application for validation.
(VI) Document release. After the Department of Finance of Hainan has reviewed and allocated the annual project funds, the Department of Science and Technology shall release the project documents and sign the project assignment letter with the Supporting Institution.
Article 18 Where there is a cooperative unit in a Natural Science Fund Projects, the Supporting Institution shall sign a cooperation agreement with the cooperation unit, specifying the rights and obligations of each party, allocation of funds, ownership of IP rights, legal responsibilities, etc.
Chapter IV Funds and Expenditures
Article 19 The Natural Science Fund Projects shall adopt a mode of fixed subsidies which are allocated to the Supporting Institutions in accordance with the relevant provisions of the centralized payment of the State Treasury, and are uniformly included into the financial management of the Supporting Institutions, thus realizing separate accounting and dedicated usage of funds.
Article 20 The expenditure scope of the Natural Science Fund Projects shall include direct and indirect costs. Direct costs are those costs incurred in the research and development course of a project that are directly related to the project, which mainly consist of:
(I) Equipment costs. Equipment costs mainly cover the costs incurred in the project implementation process for the acquisition or trial production of special instruments and equipment, the upgrading of existing instruments and equipment, and the leasing of instruments and equipment from external organizations. Computational instruments and software tools may be charged to the equipment costs.
(II) Operational costs. Operational costs mainly cover the costs of procurement, transportation, loading and unloading, sorting and other treatment of materials, auxiliary materials and other low-value consumables consumed in project implementation process, the costs incurred for testing and laboratory processing, fuels and energies, the costs for publication/documentation/information dissemination/IP affairs, meetings/travel/international cooperation and exchange, and other related expenditures.
1. Testing, laboratory and processing costs are the inspection, testing, laboratory and processing costs paid to external organizations (including independent economic accounting units within the Supporting Institution) in the project implementation process.
2. Fuel and energy costs are the costs of water, electricity, gas and fuels, which incurred in the operation of the relevant instruments, scientific devices and other equipment directly used in the project implementation process.
3. The costs for publication/documentation/information dissemination/IP services refer to the costs incurred for the publication, information collection, purchase of specialized software, literature search, novelty search, professional communication, patent applications and other IP services in the project implementation process.
4.Meetings/travel/international cooperation and exchange costs refer to costs incurred by travel, meetings and international cooperation and exchange in the project implementation process. The Supporting Institution and the researcher shall strictly implement the relevant national and internal regulations and make coordinated arrangements in accordance with the principles of pragmatism, streamlining, efficiency and economy.
5. Other related expenditures refer to expenditures related to the implementation of the project other than the above-mentioned.
(III) Labor costs. Labor costs mainly cover costs paid to graduate students, post-doctors, visiting scholars, project researchers and research support staff involved in the project, and fees paid to consultants engaged temporarily during the implementation of the project.
The standard of expenditure on labor costs for personnel employed in the project shall be determined by reference to the average wage level of local employees in the scientific research and technology service industry and in accordance with the work tasks they undertake in the project researches, and the social insurance benefits and housing provident funds paid by the Supporting Institutions shall be included in the labor costs.
Expert consultancy fees shall not be paid to personnel involved in the search or project management of the project. The expert consultancy fees shall be used according to the standards set by Hainan.
Article 21 Indirect costs are costs incurred by the Supporting Institution in organizing and implementing the project, which cannot be charged to direct costs. The indirect costs mainly include: the costs for housing occupation, daily consumption of water, electricity, gas and fuels by the Supporting Institution for the project research, subsidized expenditures related to relevant overheads, and performance expenditures to motivate the research personnel.
1. In principle, the indirect costs shall not exceed 30% of the direct costs minus the purchase cost of equipment, and this ratio may be increased to 60% for purely theoretical and basic research projects in mathematics and management science as appropriate.
2. In coordinating the indirect costs, the Supporting Institution shall handle the relationship between reasonable apportionment of indirect costs and the incentive expenditure for scientific personnel. The arrangement of performance expenditure shall be linked to the actual contribution of scientific personnel in the project, without any proportional limit, with 50% paid before the acceptance of the project and the remaining 50% paid after the acceptance.
3. Where there are more than one project undertakers, indirect costs shall be allocated within the total amount by the Project Principal in consultation with the participating units.
Article 22 The Natural Science Fund Projects shall adopt a “lump-sum” funding system, and no project budget is prepared. The Project Principal shall decide on the use of the project funds based on his commitment to comply with the ethical and moral requirements concerning scientific researches and the integrity requirement of the academic style, and that the funds shall be used entirely for expenses related to the research work of the project. The Supporting Institution shall carefully review the expenditure of the project funds, and shall disclose the final statements of the Natural Science Fund Projects internally when the project is completed, to accept the supervision of the research personnel involved.
Article 23 After the expiration of the implementation period of the Natural Science Fund Projects, the Project Principal together with scientific research, finance, assets and other departments shall clear the accounts and assets in a timely manner, prepare the final statement of the funds for Natural Science Fund Projects, the financial department of the Supporting Institution shall review the final statement, stamp it with the financial seal, and confirm it when the Natural Science Fund Project is accepted.
If more than 2 organizations jointly complete the Natural Science Fund Project involving the allocation of funds, each such organization shall prepare the final statement of funds separately, which after being examined and signed by the financial department of the organizations, shall be submitted to the Project Principal to compile the final statement of funds for the Natural Science Fund Projects.
Chapter V Implementation and Management
Article 24The implementation period of the Natural Science Fund Projects shall not exceed three years in general.The Supporting Institution shall submit a science and technology report to the Department of Science and Technology before the acceptance of the Natural Science Fund Projects.If no such report is submitted without good reason, the Department of Science and Technology may conduct an intensive inspection on the implementation of the Natural Science Fund Projects, and forcibly terminate the Natural Science Fund Projects depending on the inspection results.
Article 25The Project Principal shall carry out the research work in accordance with the content of the application, and the Supporting Institution shall not change the Project Principal or terminate the Natural Science Fund Projects without authorization.
(I) If there is a need to change the Project Principal under any of the following circumstances, the original Project Principal shall submit a relevant application which the proposed successor shall agree, and then the application shall be reviewed by the Supporting Institution and then submitted to the Department of Science and Technology for approval:
1. The Project Principal ceases to be a scientific and technical personnel of the Supporting Institution.
2. The Project Principal cannot continue research work.
The proposed successor of the Project Principal shall be a member of the project team and shall meet the requirements of Chapter II of these Measures.
(II) During the implementation period, the Project Principal may independently adjust the project participants on the premise of complying with the regulations on the quota of scientific personnel and meeting the integrity requirements; or independently adjust the research program and technical route on the premise that the research direction remains unchanged and the assessment criteria are not lowered. The relevant adjustments shall be approved by the Supporting Institution and confirmed in the project acceptance process.
Article 26 The attribution, use and transfer of IP rights created for the Natural Science Fund Projects shall be determined in accordance with applicable laws, regulations and policies.
第二十七条 省基金项目取得的成果，包括论文、专著、样品等，应标注“海南省自然科学基金资助”（英文标注为 supported by Hainan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China ）字样及项目批准号。未按规定标注的研究成果，验收时不予认可。
Article 27 The results obtained from the Natural Science Fund Projects, including papers, monographs, samples and other results, shall be marked with the words “supported by Hainan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China” and the project approval number. Research results that are not marked as required will not be accepted at the time of acceptance.
Article 28 The Natural Science Fund Projects shall be subject to the acceptance procedures, which will be implemented by professional organizations for the assessment of science and technology project entrusted by the Department of Science and Technology.
Article 29The Supporting Institution shall, within 3 months after the expiry of the prescribed implementation period, organize and review the acceptance materials written by the Project Principal and audit their authenticity and completeness.If the acceptance of the project needs to be extended, the Supporting Institution shall submit a written application to the Department of Science and Technology within 3 months before the expiry of the implementation period of the Natural Science Fund Projects, and the acceptance can only be extended once and for a maximum of one year with approval by the Department of Science and Technology.
Article 30 The acceptance of the Natural Science Fund Projects shall be based on the Statement of Work, which will conduct an objective and factual assessment on whether the Natural Science Fund Projects have completed the research content and met the assessment criteria stipulated in the Statement of Work.
The Representative Works Assessment System shall be implemented. The assessment of projects and scientific researchers shall focus on the scientific level and academic contribution of representative works, return papers to academics, and avoid emphasizing papers, title, degrees and rewards only.
Article 31 The acceptance of Natural Science Fund Projects may be carried out by correspondence review or conference review.The acceptance expert group consists of 3 or more (odd-number) technical experts in the relevant fields and two or more financial experts. Acceptance experts shall be selected from a pool of experts under a recusal and rotation system.
The acceptance expert group shall carefully examine the acceptance materials, conduct field validation if necessary, verify or retest relevant data, and give acceptance opinions independently, objectively and impartially.
Article 32 The acceptance opinion may be “accepted” and “rejected”.
Article 33 The Natural Science Fund Projects which have completed or basically completed the tasks, met the assessment criteria specified in the Statement of Work, and used the funds reasonably, will be “accepted”.
Article 34 The project will be rejected in any one of the following circumstances:
(I) Only less than 80% of the tasks agreed in the Statement of Work are completed.
(II) The main acceptance documents, information or data provided are seriously missing or falsified.
(III) Major adjustments are not reported as required.
(IV) In the use and management of funds, the funds are not accounted indecently, but falsified, embezzled and misappropriated, or transferred or diverted in violation of applicable regulations.
(V) No adequate support is provided for the acceptance process.
Article 35Where the Natural Science Fund Projects have difficulties or fail to complete the works specified in the Statement of Work due to force majeure or policy factor, the Supporting Institution shall promptly report to the Department of Science and Technology, apply for the termination of the Natural Science Fund Projects, and terminate the Natural Science Fund Projects with the approval of the Department of Science and Technology.
Article 36 The Department of Science and Technology may execute “mandatory termination” of Natural Science Fund Projects in any one of the circumstances:
(I) The Natural Science Fund Projects cannot be implemented due to serious legal disputes arising during the implementation of the Natural Science Fund Projects.
(II) The Natural Science Fund Projects cannot be implemented because poor project organization and management results in the shortage of funds and supporting conditions required to complete the project tasks, or the occurrence of major problems.
(III) The Supporting Institution has ceased its scientific research activities or has been wound up.
(IV) The Natural Science Fund Projects cannot be implemented or face significant risks due to Serious misconduct and material violations of laws and regulations during the implementation of the Natural Science Fund Projects by the Supporting Institution or the Project Principal.
Article 37 Upon the acceptance by the entrusted professional institutions for the assessment of scientific and technological projects, the results shall be disclosed on the home page of the Department of Science and Technology for 5 working days, and relevant documents and data shall be submitted to the Department of Science and Technology which will issue an acceptance approval if no objection is raised during the public disclosure period.
(I) During the public disclosure period, the Supporting Institution may apply for a second acceptance for projects that were “rejected”, and make rectifications or add materials to address the problems and submit relevant materials for the second acceptance within three months after the expiration of the public disclosure period.
(II) If the Supporting Institution does not apply for a second acceptance or does not submit materials for the second acceptance on time during the public disclosure period, the projects shall be “rejected”.
(III) The results of the second acceptance shall be final and no public disclosure is required.
(IV) No application for a second acceptance shall be made for a project that has been approved for extension.
Article 38For Natural Science Fund Projects that are “accepted”, the remaining funds shall be arranged by the Supporting Institution for direct expenditure on scientific research activities, and priority shall be given to meet the scientific research needs of the original project team. Great efforts shall be made to enhance the management of the remaining funds, improve the mechanism for revitalizing the remaining funds, and accelerate the use progress of the funds.
Article 39 For Natural Science Fund Projects that are “terminated”, “forcibly terminated” or “rejected”, the remaining funds after clearing shall be collected by Department of Science and Technology and then turned over to the Department of Finance of Hainan Province.
Chapter VI Monitoring and Inspection
Article 40The Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Finance and the Supporting Institutions shall have their own duties according to their responsibilities and division of labor.Information sharing shall be enhanced in the daily supervision and inspection course to avoid repetition of such information.
Article 41The Supporting Institution shall improve its internal control, supervision and constraint mechanism in accordance with these Measures, strengthen the construction of supporting service conditions, improve the service level of scientific researchers, establish a regular self-examination and self-correction mechanism, accept and cooperate the inspection and supervision of the science and technology, finance and audit departments, provide relevant information, and guarantee the smooth implementation of the project.
Article 42The principal of any “forcibly terminated” and “rejected” project shall not apply to be the Project Principal of Natural Science Fund Projects within three years after the issuance of the rejection results.
If no application for acceptance is made for a project without good reasons or prior approval, the project shall be deemed as “rejected” and the principal of the project shall be disqualified from applying to be the Project Principal of Natural Science Fund Projects within five years.
Article 43The Supporting Institution or the Project Principal of the Natural Science Fund Projects that commit a violation during the application, use of funds, acceptance, supervision, inspection and other processes related the project, or the Project Principal plagiarizing the scientific research results of others or having falsification or other illegal acts by Project Principal during scientific researches, shall be punished seriously.Depending on the severity, the Department of Science and Technology will take measures such as interview, informed criticism, suspension of project funding, mandatory termination, recovery of allocated funds, phased or permanent disqualification from filing, and disclose the relevant results to the public.
Article 44After the measures are taken as per the Article 43 of these Measures, the responsible subject committing violations and illegal acts and causing serious consequences or bad influences, shall be included in the list of entitles/individuals with serious breaches of scientific research integrity, and if suspected of crimes, be transferred to judicial organs.
Article 45The management of the Natural Science Fund Projects and relevant funds shall be subject to a system of retroactive investigation for accountability.The consultant and assessment experts who committing violations, shall be required to make corrections within a limited period, and disqualified from providing consultation and assessment or management services for any projects in stages or permanently. Service providers committing violations shall be questioned, required to make corrections within a limited period or to terminate the service agreement, or disqualified from project management in stages or permanently, and the staff of the service providers committing violations shall be held liable as per applicable laws and regulations. In case of any violation (such as abuse of power, neglect of duty, playing favoritism and committing irregularities, or other illegal acts) by the Department of Science and Technology and its staff in the review and initiation of projects, the allocations of the funds and other links, the responsible person shall be held liable according to the Civil Service Law. The results may be disclosed, and included in the record of dishonest acts in scientific researches. Those suspected of violating the laws or disciplines will be transferred to the judicial organs and discipline inspection and supervision departments.
Article 46A mechanism shall be established to ensure no one who has fulfilled their duties is held liable.A regular communication system shall be established among science and technology, finance, audit and discipline, inspection and supervision departments, to improve the fault-tolerant mechanism of science and technology reform and innovation that encourages innovation and tolerates failure. If the Supporting Institution and the Project Principal have fulfilled their duties during the implementation of a scientific research project, but fail to achieve intended objectives of the scientific research projects due to mistakes in the choice of the technical routes or other unforeseen reasons, the Supporting Institution and the Project Principal shall not be held liable if they report on the situation which is assessed as objective reality by the experts, and such failure shall not affect the professional title appraisal and promotion of scientific researchers.
Chapter VII Supplementary Provisions
Article 47 These Measures shall be interpreted by the Department of Science and Technology of Hainan Province.
Article 48 If there are otherwise provisions in laws, regulations and policies, those provisions shall prevail.
Article 49 These Measures shall remain into force for three years from November 19, 2021. The former Measures for the Administration of Natural Science Foundation Projects and Relevant Funds of Hainan Province (Qiong Ke Gui  No. 10) shall be annulled simultaneously.